by Georges Bizet
ARENA DI VERONA
FESTIVAL LIRICO 2019
CARMEN (4 Acts Opera by Georges Bizet - Libretto by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy)
Carmen is an opera composed by Georges Bizet with the libretto written by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy; it is a rare example of opera comique, characterized by teh alternation of dialogues and musical parts.
In particular Mehilac took care of dialogues, while Halevy turned them into verses and music.
In 1873 Camille Du Locle, the aristic director of the Theatre National de l'Opéra-Comique in Paris, assigned the composition of Carmen to Bizet. The subject was taken from an homonymous novel written by Prosper Mériméé, but important changes were made, such as the introduction of the characters of Escamillo and Micaela and the modification of Don José and Carmen temperaments.
The composer initially met the difficulty in finding the right singer for Carmen's role and later, once the work was complited, Locle's assistant, Adolphe de Leuven expressed disappointment for the plot. In fact he thought that the
opera was too dissolute and bearer of wrong values for the Opera comique, that was considered a "family theater". While the librettists agreed to change the ending, Bizet refused to censor the work and gave his resignation.
The premiere of Carmen was held on the 3rd of March 1875 but it didn't collect a great success, except for few episodes. The work of the composer was strongly criticized.
George Bizet died on the 3rd of June 1875, just three months after the debut and ha was unable to appreciate its triumph. On the 23rd october 1876 Carmen was performed at the Wiener Staatsoper, where it collected a big success.
The major European composer of that time, Rcihard Wagner, Johannes Brahms and Petr Tcajkovskij, became his adrmirers and the Carmen became an international success.
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ATTENTION - PROMOTIONAL RATES
All prices refer to promotional rates valid for purchases until December 24th 2018. Later there will be applied the standard prices established by the organizer.