Traviata di G. Verdi ARENA DI VERONA FESTIVAL LIRICO 2016
TRAVIATA (Opera in 3 acts – Music by G. Verdi – Libretto by F. M. Piave)
La Traviata is an opera by Giuseppe Verdi, that together with Rigoletto and Trobaodur composes the "Trilogia Popolare". The story is based on the 1848 novel "La dame aux camélias" by Alexandre Dumas, that Verdi had the chance to see in Paris in 1852. From this novel he took quite faithfully the story and the characters, but changing their names: Marguerite Gautier is now Violetta Valery and Armand Duval is Alfredo Germont. The italian Francesco Maria Piave, who had already worked for verdi for Rigoletto and Il corsaro, wrote the libretto.
The debut of Traviata was at Teatro la Fenice on the 6th of March 1853 and it was a real "fiasco". It was harshly criticized by the public and was victim of negative reviews from critics. The reasons for its initial failure can be found
on the inadequancy of the artists chosen, in Verdi's decision to set the opera in his days and, above all, in the subject staged, that was rough and not suitable for that epoche. But the aim of Verdi was to analyze the XIX society, characterized by a strong bigotry and deep rooted prejudices. Then the composer tried to remedy the debut's failure, by setting the time in XXVIII century and by censoring some parts. The second version was performed on the 6th of May 1854 at Teatro san Benedetto in Venice, where got the deserved
success. Later the opera was brought to the original one, setted in Paris in XIX century, and through the years it became the most famous and beloved composition by Verdi.
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